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"The recent developments in commodity and labour markets associated with the process of globalization have posed
new challenges and uncertainties for
rural people. In order to cope with
market demands and minimize
income insecurity, households try to diversify their
resource base. Under
market conditions land alone no longer provides a secure and sustainable living for rural people, even for those who own relatively large holdings.
Predictable sources of cash earnings are needed to maximize household livelihood security....
Research shows that in
most countries of the Middle East and Africa,
women often take over the work on land or the non-farm family business, thus enabling male members of the household to migrate in search of work in
national or international labour markets. In
Latin America and Asia, women - single as well as married - have for long been the principal labour migrants ..."
[Source: Erturk, Yakin. The Situation of Rural Women and Globalization. Women's International Network News, Autumn 2001, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p4. Academic Search Premier. Accessed 7 August 2002 ]