Types of Essays
- The narrative essay includes any piece of writing that recounts events with a detailed sense of time, dramatic action and/or climactic order.
- The descriptive essay creates detailed word pictures of persons, places, objects, and/or emotions.
- Process analysis
- Activities are reformed by processes carried out is a series of steps. There are two kinds of process analysis essays: directional and informative. While the directional essay tells how to do or make something, the informative essay tells how something works.
- Comparison and contrast
- A comparison/contrast essay requires the writer to identify and examine similarities and/or differences. In essay writing the purpose of comparing or contrasting is to enable the reader to understand the theme of the essay more clearly and make a judgement.
- Classification groups things together on the basis of their similarities or differences. We often do this unconsciously in organizing our environment. In essay writing you should divide or classify a subject according to a single principle.
- The purpose of a definition essay is to clarify the meaning of a term or topic. When writing, you should define in a clear and straightforward manner.
- Cause and effect
- Cause and effect essays examine the relationships between an event of action (the cause) and the result of the event or action (the effect). Multiple causes and/or effects are possible.
- Persuasion and argument
- Persuasive or argumentative essays attempt to win the reader over to a particular point of view by using supportive evidence which can include facts, opinions statistics, etc. One should also consider opposing viewpoints(s) in an argument.
BibliographyFor information about essay writing and examples of essays, consult the books from the list provided below. Check the microfiche catalog to determine the campus location of the book(s) you want or ask the librarian for assistance.
- The Blue Book: A Student's Guide to Essay Exams. LB 3051.G25 1991
- The Borzoi Handbook for Writers. PE 1408.C7145 1985
- The Essay Connection: Readings for Writers. PE 1417.E78
- From Idea to Essay: A Rhetoric, Reader, and Handbook. PE 1408.M394
- Fundamentals of Essay Writing: Methods and Models. PE1471.M26 1990
- The Heath Handbook of Composition. PE 11408.E43 1981
- The New Oxford Guide to Writing. PE 1408.K2728 1985
- The Norton Sampler. PE 2527.N6 1985
- The Prentice-Hall Handbook for Writers. PE 1408.I39 1985
- Shaping College Writing: Paragraph and Essay. PE 1439.Ge 1985
- Writing Essays About Literature: A Literary Rhetoric. PE 1471.C56 1971
- Writing Essays: A Process Approach. PE 1408.G377
Additional sources about essay writing can be found by using the following call numbers to browse specific shelf areas or by looking under the suggested subject headings in the microfiche catalog.
Call Numbers: PE1408, PE1417, PE1471